Let’s start with a basic question, “Are chemicals safe for skin?”. The answer is “YES, but not all are suitable for all skin types”. Our skin gets exposed to dirt, pollution, sun exposure, sweat, germs, so and so, it causes problems like tan, pigmentation, acne, clogged pores, blackheads, whiteheads, and a never-ending list of problems but the best part is there are chemicals that target problems directly and works magically against them and the worst part is if any of these chemical being used for any problem that it doesn’t help to cure then it can possibly worsen the situation. On top of it, not all chemicals work on all skin problems which puts us in a dilemma of choosing the right chemical or combination of chemicals to keep your skin healthy and safe.
But worry not, our experts have sorted this for you. Here are the top chemicals you will see in the market and essential information about them.
Is Niacinamide safe for skin?
Yes! Niacinamide which is aka nicotinamide is an essential nutrient for our overall health and skin. It is a form of Vitamin B-3, which is naturally found in green vegetables, eggs, milk, cereals, meat, and fish. It helps the skin to grow a water barrier which as result retains moisture in our skin and keeps it hydrated.
Suitable for all skin types including sensitive skin.
Where can you find this ingredient? In skincare, it’s mostly used in serums. It usually holds 2-5% of the overall combination which makes it safe even for sensitive skin. Apart from that, it’s used in cleansers, moisturizers, and face packs.
Benefits: Improves hydration, helps in reducing irritation, can reduce environmental damage, slow down aging, and minimize the visibility of black spots and acne scars.
Is Tocopherol safe for skin?
Tocopherol is a form of Vitamin E, it’s an essential fat-soluble ingredient. It promotes cellular functions and skin health. It has numerous health benefits for skin and hair.
Suitable for Sensitive skin, matured skin, and dry skin
Where can you find this ingredient? It is generally mixed with products like serums, moisturizers, and face packs to boost their effectiveness.
Benefits: Hydration, skin brightening, anti-aging.
Is Hyaluronic Acid safe for skin?
Absolutely! Don’t let the word “acid” misled you, it’s absolutely safe for the skin. Unlike other acids which are exfoliants, this acid provides hydration to your skin. This acid is a humectant, It can carry 1000 times its own weight in water and locks the moisture from the air to the upper layer of the skin to keep it supple and soft. It’s a sugar that is naturally found in our skin but by the time we age, it gets deteriorated.
Suitable for all skin types
Where can you find this ingredient? It is used in cleansers, serums, toners, or creams.
Benefits: Provides deep and lasting hydration, and firmness which helps in reducing fine lines. It is naturally non-comedogenic.
Is Pantothenic Acid safe for skin?
Pantothenic acid is a water-soluble vitamin that helps water to retain on our skin for long-lasting hydration and smoothness. As we discussed above, hyaluronic acid starts fading from our skin as we age and this Vitamin B5 helps the hyaluronic acid in retaining moisture. It has calming effects as well and many dermatologists prescribe it to patients suffering from skin irritation.
Suitable for all skin types and especially for dry and sensitive skin.
Benefits: Provides long-lasting hydration, soothes skin, is anti-inflammatory and repairs damaged skin. It’s safe for all types of skin.
AHAs – Alpha Hydroxy Acids, Safe?
AHAs are water-soluble acids with fine molecular size, their main job is to gently dissolve the bond between dead skin cells to remove these dead cells easily. As they are water-soluble, they don’t penetrate deep below the upper layer of skin but are very capable of reducing fine lines, acne scars, and dark spots. Here are some well-known acids that come under AHAs.
Citric Acid: Suitable for all skin types and ages, specially matured skin should consider them
Glycolic Acid: Suitable for mature skin, generally above 25 years.
Lactic Acid: Suitable for dry skin and sensitive skin.
Benefits: Reduces fine lines, encourages cells to regenerate, lessens acne scars, brightens complexion, and gives even skin tone.
Where can you find this ingredient? These acids are generally used in face masks, cleansers, and serums.
BHAs – Beta Hydroxy Acids, safe?
BHAs are oil-soluble acids which makes them reach a deeper level of the skin. It not only exfoliates the skin but also clears pores and controls oil and sebum. They target the sebaceous glands which help in stopping the formation of blackheads and whiteheads. They are more powerful in fighting acne bacterias. Salicylic acid is the only acid that comes in BHAs.
Suitable for oily, combination, and acne-prone skins.
Benefits: Exfoliates skin, fights acne-causing bacteria, controls oil, and sebum production, and brightens skin.
Where can you find this ingredient? It is generally used in cleansers, peel-off masks, serums, and sometimes in makeup.
PHAs – Poly Hydroxy Acids, safe?
PHAs are water-soluble acids same as AHAs with larger molecular sizes which makes them best for very sensitive skin as it does not dive deep into the skin and stays on the upper layer only. Gluconolactone and Lactobionic acid are the most common PHAs you can find in your skincare products.
Suitable for very sensitive skin.
Benefits: Least possibility of side effects, makes pores less visible and hydrating
Where can you find this ingredient? These acids are generally used in serum, exfoliating masks, and face cleansers.
- How to mix these chemicals and use them to increase their efficiency and get better results?
1.1 AHA + Tocopherol. MIEL Natural Hokkaido Matcha Face Cleanser has naturally derived citric acid(AHA) and Tocopherol(Vitamin E) which will not only gently remove dead skin cells giving you the natural soft skin and glow but also improve your skin’s cellular function maintaining youthful radiant skin.
1.2 Hyaluronic acid + Niacinamide + Tocopherol. MIEL Natural Moisturising Serum has this unique combination derived directly from natural extracts. This hydration serum is a boon for oily and combination + sensitive skin. It has the ability to give your skin a boost of hydration, nongreasy moisture lock, less visible acne, dark spots and fine lines, better cellular function, firmness, and supple skin.
2. What not to do with these chemicals?
2.1 If you have sensitive skin then try avoiding the mixture of AHA and BHA as it can result in skin irritation, redness, and acne breakout in some cases.
2.2 In case of pregnancy, avoid usage of AHAs in your skincare routine and if you want to use them then make sure it holds less than 10% of overall ingredients.
2.3 Don’t expose to the sun after applying AHAs or BHAs as it makes skin prone to sun damage so always wear sunscreen before stepping out in the sun.
2.4 Don’t use two individual acids at once, try using one in the morning and other at night. Also, always do a patch test before trying any chemical.